Bắc Cầu is a small village located between the arms of the Red River and the Duong River, and part of Long Bien District, Hanoi. The old village has three hamlets now developed into three villages : Thuong – Bắc Cầu 3, Trung – Bắc Cầu 2 and Ha – Bắc Cầu 1.
In the conception of the villagers, the rivers – infinite source of water – bringing happiness to the village : it carries fertile alluvial resources to the land so the villagers could live stably by growing crops, fishing, collecting firewood on the Red River or raising silkworms. The village also includes a large community of artists and artisans.
However, in the rainy season, the river often brings floods into houses and crops, favorising diseases. So in the past, the village was very humid and the life of the villagers very difficult.
At the end of the 17th century, Bắc Cầu village was associated with the name of the brilliant doctor Ngo Sach Tuan (1648-1697). According to folklore when going to public service through the village, seeing the villagers sick, Ngo Sach Tuan donate rice and traditional medicine to everyone. Saving the village from the epidemic raged.